小托福
400-850-6500

小托福听力难点汇总(附真题解析)

2020-09-10 09:49:38 来源:小托福 阅读:382

  小托福听力考试考察了学生的词汇积累和语法学习,同时对于学生们的临场反应和集中度也有很高的要求,总体难度还是比较大的,另外听力考试时间有限,也不会重复播放听力材料,今天就为大家分享听力难点,希望能够帮助大家更好地备考小托福

  听力难点

  问题一:听不懂,做不来!

  01注意力不集中

  在小托福听力考试中,分心是最大的敌人!所有材料都只播放一次,因此考生们一定要训练自己从头到尾集中注意力。多练习、多模考,才能在考试中尽快进入全神贯注的状态。

  02词汇不达标

  小托福所需求的词汇量是多于中考的,不仅如此,还得熟悉很多学术词汇才能轻松过关。因此很多小学考生会被难倒在词汇关。

  问题二:听得懂,做不来!

  有些考生考生能够抓住听力材料的大致内容和细节,但就是做不对题目。很大一部分原因是考生对于听力各种题型不够熟悉。听力考试的题型大致分为7种:

  1. 主旨题 (main idea) :了解说话内容大意。

  2. 目的题 (purpose):了解说话者的目的为何。

  3. 推论题 (inference) :根据听力内容推断说话者未讲明的部分。

  4. 预测题 (prediction) :根据听力内容预测可能的发展。

  5. 细节题 (detail) :辨别听力内容中的重要细节。

  6. 修辞题 (rhetorical questions) :辨别说话人提到的某个部分在上下文中的含义和作用。

  7. 语气题 (prosody) :辨别说话者的语气,音调或感受。

  下面就这7类题型中的最主要的3大题型进行具体说明:

  01主旨题

  主旨题要求考生能够基本理解听力段落的主旨内容,并能够总结、概括主要信息,需要考生对听到的信息就行归纳和总结。

  On the recording, you will hear:

  Narrator: Listen to a history teacher talking to a class.

  Man: We've only talked a little bit about ancient Egypt, but on Thursday, after school, Mr. Potter's history class will be watching a movie about the Egyptians. Our class is welcome to watch too. It's a great film, and I think that you would all enjoy it very much. If you're still not interested, here's another reason to come— I will bring in snacks for everyone to enjoy while we watch the movie.

  Narrator: What does the teacher suggest the students do?

  In your test book, you will read:

  What does the teacher want the students to do?

  (A) Take a trip to a museum

  (B) Bring in snacks after school

  (C) Watch a movie with another class

  (D) Begin research about ancient Egypt

  Explanation:

  原文大意为历史老师鼓励本班同学去上另一位历史老师的课,和那个班的同学一起观赏关于埃及人的电影,并表示到时会带一些零食,以吸引更多同学参加。考生根据关键句“Mr. Potter's history class will be watching a movie about the Egyptians. Our class is welcome to watch too.”可以得出正确选项C。


小托福听力难点汇总(附真题解析)


  02目的题

  目的题要求考生准确概括说话者的意图,在一些听力材料中,说话者不会明确说明目的,需要考生根据听力材料的大意总结并推断说话者的意图。

  On the recording, you will hear:

  Narrator: Listen to a science teacher talking to a group of students.

  Woman: I'd like to talk to you all about the trip we were planning for April. I know you're all really excited about the new dinosaur exhibit. Well, yesterday I called the museum to find out the cost of the exhibit, and they said that it won't even be open until June. They changed the date because they need some extra time to build everything. So we'll be going in June instead of April.

  Narrator: What is the purpose of the talk?

  In your test book, you will read:

  (A) To announce a change in the date of a field trip

  (B) To encourage students to visit a new exhibit at the museum

  (C) To prepare students for a video they will watch about dinosaurs

  (D) To apologize for giving students the wrong information about an exam

  Explanation:

  原文大意为科学课老师告诉同学们因为要参观的恐龙展览要在六月份才开始,所以原定于四月份的考察得改为六月份。考生可以根据关键句“I'd like to talk to you all about the trip we were planning for April.”和“So we'll be going in June instead of April”得出正确选项为A。

  03推断题

  推断题考查考生对听力材料中涉及的各种信息间关系的理解能力,以及对说话者没有明确说出的信息的推理能力。

  On the recording, you will hear:

  Narrator: Listen to a chemistry teacher talking to a class.

  Man: Now, in our experiment today, the materials we'll be working with include bottles and tubes made of glass. Be careful and try notto break them. But if you do happen to break one, don't worry — it happens all the time. Just let me know, and I will come over and clean it up.

  Narrator: What is probably true about the materials for the experiment?

  In your test book, you will read:

  (A) They are easily broken.

  (B) They are very expensive.

  (C) There are not enough for all the students.

  (D) They need to be cleaned before students use them.

  Explanation:

  原文大意为化学老师提醒同学们实验课用到的教材为易碎的玻璃制品,要小心使用。考生可以根据关键句“...the materials we'll be working with include bottles and tubes made of glass. Be careful and try not to break them.”快速推断出正确选项为A。

  以上就是小编为大家带来的小托福听力考试的难点,希望考生们在备考中重视起来,除此之外,大家也要多多积累词汇,打好备考技巧的基础。如果想要获取更多小托福考试报名条件、小托福成绩查询等更多信息,大家可以线上咨询我们或继续关注网站更新的文章!


猜你喜欢