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考研英语阅读&作文考试技巧,你也许需要这个神技!

2020-09-04 14:38:16 来源:考研英语 阅读:2230

  阅读是考研英语的难点之一,极其容易十分,掌握一些考研英语阅读考试技巧能有效帮助我们取得高分,下面小编就为大家整理了几个考研英语阅读考试的小技巧,一起来看看吧。

  分块阅读法:

  阅读的核心思想就是“分块阅读”。

  一篇阅读有5个问题,每个问题是按顺序分布的。比如说一篇阅读有5段,第一问在第一段中找答案,第二问在第二段中找,以此类推,这就是所谓的“分块阅读法”。分块阅读的基础就是--题目是按顺序分块设置的。

  因此,切记不要一口气读完文章后将5个问题一齐作答!

  原因:一来记不住文章的要点和细节,二来会中出题人的陷阱(干扰项其实就是在细节上做手脚),如偷梁换柱等。

  正确选项特征:

  正确的选项往往以同义替换的形式出现。

  这一点是成败的关键,考研英语阅读的每一个问题都是非常严谨的,其严谨在于:正确选项实质上就是原文中某句话的同义替换,而不是靠蒙和猜,正确选项一定能在原文中找到相应的依据。

  第1种形式:正确选项中的某个短语和原文中的某个短语意思相同,如explore和probe都是“探索”,shared和collective都是“共同的”,purchase和for the sale都表示“交易、买卖”

  第2种形式:正确选项是对原文中某句话的概括,如:“discovery is described as seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought” 概括起来就是 “scientific work calls for acritical mind”(当然这里critical的一词多义要非常熟悉才行);

  错误选项特征:

  注意出题人设置干扰项时的惯用伎俩。干扰项无非以下6种:

  ①偷梁换柱:原文中说“人物A做了事件B”,干扰项为可能为“人物C做了事件B”,而人物C其实在原文中另一处出现的。如果仅凭印象选择,很容易出错。

  ②前后混淆:如“人物A在文中第3段提出了某观点”,干扰项可能为第1段里的某个观点,前后顺序颠倒。原理上与偷梁换柱差不多。

  ③以偏概全:原文中说“事件A的必要条件是B、C、D”,干扰项可能为“如果B发生,则A一定发生”。

  ④过度引申:原文中说“A今天做了某件事”,干扰项可能为“A经常做这件事”。

  ⑤无中生有:干扰项是YY出来的,在原文中找不到依据,比过度引申更离谱。

  ⑥曲解原文:原文中说“A很好”,干扰项可能为“A不好”,当然不会这么直接。

  总结:

  一个问题一个问题地将文章分块→读懂每块的长难句→以原文为依据→找准“同义替换”、排除“干扰项”。

  考研英语作文考试技巧

  描述段法

  作文首段为描述段,描述段的内容大概包括两个方面:

  1、描述图画内容。

  2、揭示寓意

  第一句:描述图画内容

  句式1:

  The cartoon describes a very common phenomenon in our society that + 具体图画内容.

  句式2:

  As can be seen from the picture, (there is) 内容 + 具体图画内容.

  句式3:

  The set of drawings describe a very common phenomenon in our society that + 具体图画内容.

  句式4:

  Presenting totally different /sharply contrasted scenes, the two pictures suggest that + 具体图画内容.

  第二句:引出主题

  句式1:

  In recent years , along with the tremendous advance of the society , 主题 + has become a hot issue of the general public , especially for those who are confronted with the situation .

  句式2:

  Nothing can be more serious (upsetting / outstanding / meaningful / …) than the issue of + 主题

  第三句:铺垫第2段

  It is most likely that by drawing the picture, the drawer intends not only to tell us the story of … but also to let us think more about 主题. This is something we should give more thought to.

  主旨段

  第1步:阐释主题所表现的2-3个方面

  句式1:

  After carefully thinking and reflection, we come to understand the enlightening picture step by step. I believe that this thought-provoking picture conveys two layers of meanings. For one thing, 方面1. For another, 方面2. This simple picture wakes up the whole of the society.

  句式2:

  Having scrutinized the details of the pictures, we can discuss the implications subtly conveyed from it. For one thing 方面1. For another 方面2. This simple picture wakes up the whole of the society.

  第二步:阐述出现该现象的两三个原因

  句式1:

  There are several driving forces this trend/phenomenon. The main reason is no other than that 原因1. What’s more, 原因2. 原因3 also plays a role in this case.

  句式2:

  To account for the above mentioned phenomenon (issue, tendency) various reasons (causes) have been put forward. In the very beginning 原因1. And then 原因2. What is more, last but 原因2.

  总结段

  最后一段是总结段,这段的主要内容应该包括三个方面的内容:

  1、【评论】:一般趋势的建议;

  2、【举例】:良好品质的赞扬;

  3、【措施】:反面现象的解决方。

  【评论】

  Taking into account the factors above, we can safely draw a conclusion that 主旨 (不多写、简单句). On one hand 建议1. On the other hand 建议2. In order to make our world a better place in which to live, we must learn to live in harmony with each other(社会和谐主题) / the nature(自然和谐主题).

  【举例】

  What the thought-provoking picture illustrates is a common phenomenon in contemporary society. Examples to prove the view are abundant. It can be given a concrete example 举例1. Another good case in point is that 举例2. In my belief, 主旨 is extremely significant to all of us in our society. We should translate it into proper action in daily life, and then we will benefit from it.

  【措施】

  Then, what can we do to deal with the problem have become a concern to many people. From my views, the following measures should be attached importance to. To begin with , we should appeal to the government to make relevant laws(plans, rules) and carry out a series of policy to 跟主旨相关内容 to guarantee a proper order and justice. What’s more , we should enhance the awareness of people that 主题 is vital to us . The general public should also made realization that any prompt solution is of benefit to all. Also I believe that we humans can overcome this difficulty, and we will have a brighter future.

  以上就是考研英语阅读考试的几个小技巧,希望对大家有所帮助。小编提醒:想提高考研英语成绩光靠技巧是远远不够的,多看多练才是取得好成绩的关键,大家一定要坚持多做真题。


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