SAT写作考试选择语法的原则

来源: 互联网 时间:2020-01-19 16:35:29 浏览量: 81

  SAT写作考察了学生的词汇积累和语法学习,同时也考察了学生们词句和结构的积累,所以考生在SAT备考中需要多掌握一些写作技巧,下面小编就为大家介绍一下SAT写作选择语法结构原则,一起来学习一下吧!

  SAT写作选择语法结构原则

  1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。例如:

  The situation that resulted in my grandfather’s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

  从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather’s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn’t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

  2. 避免频繁使用“there be”结构,例如下面的句子:

  There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

  可以改为:My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

  更简洁的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

  3. 把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

  Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

  4. 仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

  In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather’s family.


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  本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather’s family”,而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather’s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

  5. 用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语,例如下面这句话:

  My grandfather didn’t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

  Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn’t have time to loiter with his school friends.

  6. 有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达,例如:

  Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

  两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.

  以上就是小编为大家带来的SAT写作考试结构的原则分析,希望大家能够好好复习,同时小编建议大家不能忽视真题的练习,提升基础才能通过考试,如果还想了解更多关于SAT数学评分表、考SAT词汇量的信息,可以在线咨询我们!


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