2019年考研英语阅读​真题解析

来源: 互联网 时间:2020-09-16 13:36:18 浏览量: 62 作者: 考研英语

  考研英语考试前最重要的是考研英语备考,考研英语阅读尤其需要我们重视起来,除了提高自己的词汇量与语法水平之外,多看真题解析非常重要,今天小编就为大家讲解2019年真题TEXT4的部分!

  第一段:

  The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) continues to bleed red ink. Itreported anet loss of$5.6 billion for fiscal2016,the 10th straight yearits expenses have exceeded revenue. Meanwhile, it hasmore than $120billion in unfunded liabilities, mostly foremployee health and retirementcosts.There are manybankruptcies. Fundamentally, the USPS is in ahistoric squeeze between technological changethathas permanently decreased demand forits bread-and-butter product, first-class mail,and a regulatorystructure that denies management the flexibility to adjustits operations to thenew reality

  1.deny拒绝,否认,拒绝…的要求 deny sb, sth 拒绝给某人某物

  翻译:美国邮政服务(USPS)继续亏损。该公司公布2016财年净亏损56亿美元,这是其支出连续第10年超过收入。与此同时,它有超过1200亿美元的无资金准备的负债,主要用于员工健康和退休费用。有许多企业破产。从根本上说,USPS正处于一个历史性的困境:一方面,技术变革永久性地降低了对其主要产品——一流邮件——的需求,另一方面,监管结构剥夺了管理层调整业务以适应新现实的灵活性

  第二段:

  And interest groups ranging from postal unions to greeting-card makers exert self-interested pressure on the USPS's ultimateoverseer-Congress-insisting thatwhateverelse happens to the Postal Service, aspects of the status quo they depend on get protected. This is whyrepeated attempts atreform legislation have failed in recent years, leaving the Postal Service unableto payits bills except by deferring vital modernization.

  1.overseer监督2. ultimate最终的,根本的;基本原则,根本3.aspects复数形式翻译为各方面4.except by除非

  翻译:从邮政工会到贺卡制造商,各种利益集团都对美国邮政管理局的最终监督者——国会施加自利压力,坚持不管邮政服务发生什么,他们所依赖的现状的各个方面都应得到保护。这就是为什么近年来,改革立法的多次尝试都以失败告终,导致邮政服务无法支付账单,除非推迟至关重要的现代化进程。

  第三段:

  Now comes word thateveryone involved---Democrats, Republicans, the Postal Service, the unions and the system's heaviest users—has finallyagreed on aplan to fix thesystem. Legislation is moving through theHouse that would save USPS anestimated $28.6 billion over fiveyears, which could help payfornew vehicles, among other survival measures. Mostof themoney would comefrom a penny-per-letterpermanent rate increaseand from shifting postal retirees into Medicare. Thelatter step would largely offsetthe financialburden of annually pre-funding retiree health care, thus addressing a long-standing complaint bytheUSPS and its union.


2019年考研英语阅读真题解析


  1.move through穿过2.involved有关的,涉及的,复杂的3. Now comes word全部倒装:word comes that有消息称4.everyone involved所有相关的人

  翻译:现在有消息称,所有相关的人——民主党人、共和党人、邮政服务公司、工会和该系统最重要的用户——最终都同意了一项修复该系统的计划。众议院正在通过一项法案,该法案预计将在5年内为美国邮政节省286亿美元,这笔钱将用于购买新车和其他生存措施。大部分的资金将来自每字母一分钱的永久性利率增长,以及将邮政退休人员转移到医疗保险。后一个步骤将在很大程度上抵消每年为退休人员提供资金前的医疗保健的财政负担,从而解决美国邮政及其工会的一个长期抱怨。卫生保健,从而解决了美国邮政及其工会的长期抱怨。

  第四段:

  If itclears the House, this measure would still haveto get through theSenate –where someone is boundto point outthatitamounts to thebare, bareminimumnecessary to keep the Postal Service afloat, not comprehensive reform. There's no changeto collective bargaining atthe USPS, a majoromission considering that personnel accounts for80percent ofthe agency's costs. Also missing is anydiscussion of eliminating Saturday letter delivery. That common-sense changeenjoys widepublic support and would save the USPS $2 billion per year. But postal special-interest groups seem to havekilled it, atleast inthe House. The emerging consensus around the bill is a sign thatlegislators aregetting frightened abouta politically embarrassing short-term collapse atthe USPS. Itis not, however, asign thatthey're getting serious about transforming the postal system forthe 21st century.

  1.is boundto必定会,束缚于2.amounts to相当于,总计3. afloat不沉的,漂浮的,能维持下去的;摆脱债务,漂浮着4.collective bargaining劳资双方代表谈判5.omission疏漏,遗漏6.get through通过,度过,到达7.bareminimum最低限度8. bargain交易,便宜货;谈判bargaining交涉,交易9.changeto对于…的改变10. considering介词/连词:考虑到,就…而论11.aregetting frightened about害怕12.get serious about认真对待

  翻译:如果该法案在众议院获得通过,仍需在参议院获得通过——有人肯定会指出,该法案只相当于维持邮政服务运转所必需的最低限度,而不是全面改革。美国邮政总局没有改变集体谈判的做法,这是一个重大的遗漏,因为员工占了该机构成本的80%。还没有讨论取消星期六的信件递送。这一常识性的改变得到了公众的广泛支持,并将为美国邮政每年节省20亿美元。但邮政特殊利益集团似乎已经扼杀了它,至少在众议院是这样。围绕该法案逐渐形成的共识表明,议员们对美国邮政管理局(USPS)在政治上令人尴尬的短期崩溃感到担忧。然而,这并不是说他们在认真考虑改变21世纪的邮政系统。

  关于2019年考研英语的阅读真题就为大家解析到这里了,希望能够帮助到大家,大家在备考过程中一定要重视真题训练,如果还想了解更多关于考研英语时间、考研英语一的资讯,请多多关注本网站,也可以添加我们微信kewo11。


2019年考研英语阅读​真题解析
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